Neymar’s parents, Barcelona president Josep Bartomeu, and former president Sandro Rosell will also stand trial, along with Barcelona and Brazilian club Santos.
The charges were brought after a complaint by a Brazilian investment group which said it received a smaller compensation because part of Neymar’s transfer fee was concealed by those involved.
The judge on Thursday ordered the parties, who will have 10 days to present their formal defence, to set aside a total of $3.7 million, which is the amount allegedly owed to the investment group.
Prosecutors are seeking a two-year prison sentence and a fine of nearly $10 million for Neymar, although he is not likely to face any jail time if found guilty because in Spain sentences of two years or less for first offences are usually suspended.
The trial’s date has not been set.